USC Title 17 (Copyrights), sections 107 and 108, provide a framework for educational institutions in fair use and allowable reproduction of copyright material. The four main conditions that allow libraries to provide reserves to a student population are:
The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
The nature of the copyrighted work;
The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
(U.S. Code, Title 17, Section 107)
For a more complete explanation regarding copyright and “fair use” please refer to the “Copyright and Fair Use: Frequently Asked Questions”.